American Revolution Info/facts for your test!

American Revolution Info/facts for your test!

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Term Definition
Proclamation of 1763 said that the colonists could not settle west of the Appalachian Mountains
Sugar Act tax on molasses; passed to help stop smuggling in the colonies
Stamp Act tax on paper goods and legal documents
Boston Massacre Colonists threw snowball and rocks at the British soldiers; soldiers fired shots into the crown, killing 5, including Crispus Attucks
Tea Act Gave British East India company a monopoly on tea trade with the colonies. This was a act of civil disobedience
Boston Tea Party Sons of Liberty dressed as Indians and threw 342 chests of tea into the Boston Harbor
Declaratory Act Said that Britain is in charge of the colonies "in all cases"
Intolerable Acts (Coercive Acts) Passed in response to the Boston Tea Party; closed the port of Boston until colonists paid for ruined tea, forbid town meetings, passed a new quartering act
Quartering Act said colonists were responsible for housing and supplying British soldiers
Declaration of Independence (DOI) Written by Thomas Jefferson in 1776, listed the grievances of the colonies to KG3
Samuel Adams Leader of the Sons of Liberty
Committees of Correspondence Letter-writing campaigns to share news of British activity in New England
George Washington Commander of Continental Army
Writs of Assistance search warrants that allowed customs officers to search for smuggled goods
House of Burgesses 1st representative law-making body in the colonies; Virginia
boycott refuse to buy
olive branch symbol of peace
consequence result of an action
blockade to use warships to prevent other ships from entering or leaving a harbor
Continental Congress a meeting of representatives of the 13 colonies
minutemen member of the Massachusetts colony militia who could quickly be ready to fight the British
Patriot a colonist against British rule
Patrick Henry an American Colonist who spoke out in the Virginia legislature against paying British taxes. His views became widely known, and Loyalists accused him of treason.
Loyalist colonist still loyal to the British crown
mercenary a hired soldier
revolution a sudden complete change of government
Wentworth Cheswell fought at Saratoga and warned the colonists the British were coming
Galvez led the Spanish armies against the British in the South
Solomon Jewish financier who gave money to support Continental Army
Armistead African American spy
John Paul Jones member of Continental Army that said "I have not yet begun to fight!"
"Common Sense" written by Thomas Paine; informative pamphlet to motivate the colonists to fight against Britain
Townshend Acts An indirect tax on goods such as lead, paper, paint and tea
Sons of Liberty Led by Sam Adams; led boycotts against acts of Great Britain; Boston Tea Partiers
grievance official complaint to the King
unalienable rights influenced by John Locke; Life, Liberty and the pursuit of happiness were given to you at birth
Lexington & Concord "Shot heard round the world"; 1st Battle of the American Revolution
Saratoga Turning point in the American Revolution; France became the colonies' ally
Yorktown Last battle of the American Revolution; Cornwallis surrendered to George Washington.
Valley Forge symbolic of the resilience and determination of the patriots of the continental army
Treaty of Paris 1783 Officially ended the American Revolution
Redcoats Another term for the British Soldiers

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