Anatomy final

Anatomy final

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1) Anatomy vs. Physiology anatomy: physical part physiology: how it works
1) Homeostasis the body's ability to maintain a stable internal environment in response to a changing external environment
1) Body cavities Dorsal (back: brain and spinal cord), ventral (front: heart and lungs) pelvic cavity (bladder, uterus, reproductive organs) cavities
1) Organ systems integumentary, skeletal, muscular, nervous, endocrine, circulatory, lymphatic,respiratory, digestive, urinary, reproductive
1) Planes and sections of the body sagittal plane (divides body lengthwise into right and left portions) frontal plane (divides the body into anterior and posterior portions) transverse plane (divides the body horizontally; creates an upper and lower body
1) relative positions superior (up) and inferior (down), anterior (front) and posterior (back), medial (towards midline) and lateral (away from midline), proximal (close to organ) and distal (far from organ), superficial (close to surface) and deep (far from surface)
1) 4 quadrants small and large intestine in all 4 quadrants

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