AP Gov Ch 14

AP Gov Ch 14

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List four major actions taken by Lincoln without Congressional approval. Lincoln raised an army, blockaded ports, suspended habeus corpus, spent money, and issued the Emancipation Proclamation
On what grounds did Lincoln justify his unprecedented use of vague powers granted in Article II? conditions created by the Civil War
Besides emergency conditions, presidents who are __ and __ have the opportunity for substantial increases in power. popular and strong-willed
According to the book, where does the greatest source of presidential power come from? politics and public opinion
Who established the precedent that presidents can veto bills that are constitutional? Jackson
Name the president who vetoed the most bills before the 1850s? Jackson
Who began to alter the nature of presidential leadership and the president's relationship with Congress before the Civil War? Jackson
What are the three primary sources that account for the expansion of presidential power? the ability to shape public opinion, position of head of executive, and claims to inherit powers
Under the second plan at the Constitutional convention, who was to select the president? direct vote of the people
In what way did the Founders fear the President might misuse the militia? to overpower state governments
How did George Washington assist those at the Constitutional Convention who favored a single elected president? everyone assumed he'd be president
What was Alexander Hamilton's view on an elected president? elective monarchy
How did those at the Constitutional Convention view monarchy and anarchy? they feared them equally
Instead of directly electing a president, the Founders decided to create the electoral college
Why have the vast majority of presidential elections not been decided in the House of Representatives? political parties ended up playing a major role in producing nationwide support for national candidates
A majority of Americans believe the electoral college should be abolished
According to the text,what might happen without an electoral college? formation of a third party
What is another possible consequence if the electoral college was abolished? run off elections
How many times has a candidate won the electoral vote while losing the popular vote? three
How many electoral votes must a candidate win to be elected president? 270
How many times has a presidential election been decided in the House of Representatives? twice
A candidate can win the presidency by carrying as few as __ states. 11
How were the states to choose electors under the original Constitution? by however they wished
Who is third in line to succeed to the presidency? president pro tempore
If the president is incapacitated but wants to remain in office and the vice president and the cabinet disagree, who decides? Congress
After the vice president succeeds to the presidency, how is a new vice president selected? nominated by vice president and confirmed in Congress
What is the Twenty-fifth Amendment? presidential disability and succession
If the president is incapacitated and the vice president and cabinet disagree over whether he or she should remain in office, he or she may be removed with a __ vote in Congress. 2/3
Why were the Founders concerned that the president would become a "tool" of the Senate? shared powers
How many terms have all presidents served except for Franklin Roosevelt? 2.5 or less
What helped the legitimacy of the office of the president during the terms of the early presidents minimal role played by early governments
Name the recent presidents who did NOT hold national office. G.W. Bush, Reagan, Clinton, and Carter
What was the political background of most recent presidents? governor
In what unflattering way does the book describe the concept of unified government? somewhat of a myth
Under which 20th Century presidents were there successful unified governments? Roosevelt 1933 and Johnson 1965
What kind of success did President Kennedy enjoy with his legislative proposals? 25%
How do the Marshall Plan and Tax Reform Act of 1986 support the argument that unified government is unnecessary? both passed by divided government
What is the rule of propinquity? power is wielded by people who are in the room when a decision is made
In the author's opinion, where does the greatest source of presidential power lie? political and public opinion
Who decides if a president will be impeached? House
Who decides to remove a president after an impeachment trial? Senate
What is a major difference between a president and a prime minister? majority support in Parliament
How might an ambitious member of Parliament behave toward his or her's party leadership? avoid displeasing leadership
Who chooses a Prime Minister? Parliament
Describe ad hoc staff organization. subordinates, cabinet officers, and committees report directly to the president on different matters
Describe pyramid staff organization. a president's subordinates report to him through a clear chain of command headed by a chief of staff
What agency do the authors view as the most important in the Executive Office of the President? OMB
Does the Senate have to confirm members f the White House Office? no
Describe the recent trend in cabinet appointments. include those without a political following
What is a signing statement? a presidential document that reveals what the president thinks of a new law and how it ought to be enforced
Why does Congress object to signing statements? they consider it the equivalent of a line item veto
Describe the relationship between White House staff and departments heads. tense
What did United States v. Nixon hold? no unqualified presidential privilege of immunity from judicial process
Why is personality more important in explaining the presidency than in explaining Congress? presidents are judged by character and accomplishments
What are presidential claims of executive privilege based upon? need for candid advice from aid
What are two ways a president can block Congressional action and what do they force Congress to do? veto power and executive power
Who was one of the first modern presidents to have a presidential legislative program? Wilson
What personality trait of Washington's did the authors believe encouraged the Framers to choose an elected president? self-restraint
Why has the presidency become so powerful since the 1930s no matter who occupies the office? the size of the government has grown
Under the first plan at the Constitutional Convention, who was to select the president? Congress

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