Aztec, Maya, Inca Quiz

Aztec, Maya, Inca Quiz

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Question Answer
Aztec capital city Tenochtitlan
hieroglyphics form of writing used by Maya and Aztecs
maize important crop (corn) grown by Aztecs and Maya
Machu Picchu "lost" Incan city in the Andes
knotted strings used for keeping records by the Inca quipu
aqueduct pipe or channel that carries water
Columbian Exchange spread of crops, ideas, culture, animals, etc from the Old World to the New World and back
Pizarro he conquered the Incan Empire in 1535
Conquistador Spanish word meaning conqueror
Aztec ruler conquered by the Spanish Montezuma
Cortes He conquered the Aztecs in 1521
encomienda a system that kept the Native Americans under Spanish control and also taught them Christianity
True or False – The French Revolution and American Revolution inspired the revolutions in Latin America True
Toussaint L'Ouverture former slave that led Haiti to independence
Simon Bolivar known as the "Liberator" because he led several countries to independence including Bolivia, Colombia, and Venezuela
Hidalgo The Cry of Dolores inspired the fight for Mexican independence
San Martin great leader who helped Chile and Peru receive independence
True or False – Like the other Latin American Revolutions, Brazil had to fight a war for independence False, their independence was granted by Portugal without a war
Aztec island gardens rafts were placed in the lake, mud from the bottom of the lake was placed on the rafts and then the crops were planted on the rafts
terrace farming Inca dug steps into the sides of the mountain. The flat steps are where the crops were planted.
why were the Spanish successful in the Americas when it came to defeating the Aztecs and other Natives superior weapons,alliances were created with other Native American groups anddiseases like smallpox wiped out most Native Americans
How did the Spanish colonies benefit Spain became the rulers in the Americas, got rich off the new land, highest ranking people in society andstarted colonies and cities
How did the Spanish colonies negatively affect the Native Americans given few rights,lost land,forced into Christianity, killed or enslaved
How did the Aztec and Inca empires decline compared to the Maya Aztec and Inca were defeated by the Spanish, but the Maya no one knows for sure. It could have been drought, terrible weather, etc.

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