Chapter 10

Chapter 10

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Question Answer
What is the House of Worship? Mosque
What is one major Holidays for the religion of Islam The holy month is Muslims fast from sunrise to sunset for a month
What it the concept of Messiah The belief that Muhammad is the last and greatest god
What is the holy day of the week Friday
What is the Holy Book Quran (koran)
What tied Abbasid caliphate and the independent Muslim states together? Religion, language, and trade
What attracted non- Muslims to Islam and Islamic culture? Religious teachings, learning and prosperity, and status in society
Why did the Shi'a oppose the rule of the Umayyads? Because they thought that rulers should be decendants of Muhammad and they weren't
What led to internal conflict in Islam after the death of Muhammad? Muhammad had not appointed a successor or said how to choose one
What was true of the "rightly guided" caliphs? The based their leadership on the Qur'an and Muhammad's actions
What was the role of women in Muslim society? raising children; women had rights relating to marriage, family, and property; wealthier women had access to education
How did Muslim scholars help preserve the knowledge of the ancient Greeks and Romans? by collecting, translating, and critiquing ancient texts
How was Muslim society structured? 4 classes: Muslims at birth, converts to Islam, protected people such as Jews, Christians, and Zoroastrians, slaves
What united the scholars of different cultures who worked in the house of wisdom? -love of learning -the encouraging of collecting and translating scientific and philosophical texts -house was opened so scholars could work sides by side and translate texts from Greece, India and Persia as well as other places is Arabia
What role did cities play in the advancement of Muslim culture? Baghdad was the leading city, and many more powerful cities began to surround it -all cities symbolize the strength of the caliphate and were very impressive

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