chapter 10 vocab

chapter 10 vocab

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radical relating to or affecting the fundamental nature of something; far-reaching or thorough.
Judiciary Act of 1801 a partisan political attempt by Federalists in Congress and the John Adams administration to pack the Federal courts with Federalists. It was soon overturned by Jeffersonian Republicans.
John Marshall United States jurist; as chief justice of the Supreme Court he established the principles of United States constitutional law (1755-1835)
Marbury v. Madison A case decided by the Supreme Court under Chief Justice John Marshall in 1803. The Court declared unanimously that a certain law passed by Congress should not be enforced
unconstitutional not in accordance with a political constitution, especially the US Constitution, or with procedural rules.
judicial review a procedure by which a court can review an administrative action by a public body and (in England) secure a declaration, order, or award.
Louisiana purchase a treaty signed with France in 1803 by which the U.S. purchased for $15,000,000 the land extending from the Mississippi River to the Rocky Mountains and from Canada to the Gulf of Mexico.
Meriwether Lewis United States explorer and soldier who lead led an expedition from St. Louis to the mouth of the Columbia River (1774-1809)
William Clark was an American explorer, soldier, Indian agent, and territorial governor.
Lewis and Clark expedition A journey made by Meriwether Lewis and William Clark, during the presidency of Thomas Jefferson, to explore the American Northwest, newly purchased from France, and some territories beyond.
Sacagawea the Shoshone guide and interpreter who guided the Lewis and Clark expedition part of the way.
Zebulon Pike Explorer who is famous for discovering Pike's Peak in Colorado. He led two expeditions to explore the U.S. The first, in 1805, had as its goal the discovery of the headwaters of the Mississippi River.
impressment the act in which men were captured and forced into naval service.
Embargo Act of 1807 was a law passed by the United State Congress and signed by President Thomas Jefferson on December 22, 1807.
Tecumseh American Indian chief of the Shawnee tribe. He attempted to unite western Indian tribes against the White people, but was defeated at Tippecanoe (1811).
War Hawk a person who clamors for war; especially : a jingoistic American favoring war with Britain around 1812.
Oliver Hazard Perry was an American naval commander, born in South Kingstown, Rhode Island. He was the son of United States Navy Captain Christopher Raymond
Battle of the Thames was a United States victory in the War of 1812 against the United Kingdom and Tecumseh's Confederacy

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