chapter 15

chapter 15

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Term Definition
Renaissance an era of renewed and remarkable developments in art, literature ,science and learning
Secular having a worldly rather than spiritual focus
Humanism a movement that emphasized the possibilities of individual accomplishment and the almost limitless potential of the human mind
Baldassare Castiglione italian aristocrat who wrote " the courier'" which became a handbook on how to succeed in society
Niccolo Machiavelli florentine political philosopher and statesman who wrote " the prince "
Lorenzo de Medici ruler of florence who was an important patron of arts and learning
Leonardo da Vinci " Renaissance man" who became a famous painter
Raphael famous painter of both classical and religious subjects
Michelangelo Buonarroti sculptor and painter famous for works such as the sistine chapel and the statue david
Johannes Gutenburg greman man credited with the invention of movable type in the mid 1400's
Desiderius Erasmus priest and christian hummanist philosopher
Sir thomas more english humanist who wrote utopia
william shakespear english play writer and poet
christine de pisan itialian born woman who wrote about women in society
albrecht durer german artist who visited italy in the late 1400's
Jan van Eyck flemish painter who focused on landscapes and everyday life
protestant reformation a movement beginning in the 1500's to reform the roman catholic church
indulgences exchange of money and forgiveness of sin
martin luther critic of the roman catholic church
theocracy a government in which church and state are joined and whose officials concidered to be divinely inspired
john calvin important protestant reformer whose writing became that basis of calvinism
predestination religious doctrine that states god has already determined who will be saved so nothing in life will change their fate
henry Vll english king who broke with with the catholic church in order to divorce his first wife
annulled declared invaild based on church laws
Elizabeth l daughter of henry Vll and queen firmly established england as protestant
counter reformation reform movement in a catholic church
jesuits religious order which emphasized reform of the church
ignatius of loyola founder of the jesuits whose search for spiritual peace led to him giving up on his belongings
council of trent meetings called by pope paul lll to make a series of reforms to the church
charles borromeo archbishop of milan who implemented the reforms decreed by the council of trent
francis of sales french missionary who returned to the french disrict of savoy to the catholic church
teresa of avila spanish nun who reformed camelite order

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