Chapter 23 French Revolution

Chapter 23 French Revolution

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Question Answer
Why were the members of the third estate dissatisfied with their way of life under the old regime? The members of the Third Estate had little political power.
How did Louis XVI's weak leadership contribute to the growing crisis in France? His extreme spending led the country into deep debt. He didn’t cut expenses of him and his queen, and he put off the problem until he had barely any money left. He let political problems get out of hand.
How did the purpose of the meeting of the estates-general in 1789 change? It changed from approving a tax to making the national assembly and end the absolute monarchy. They decided to form a new constitution. It changed from a debate on new taxes to an effort to reform the entire political system of France.
How were the storming of Bastille and the women’s march on Versailles similar? How were they different? Similarities: Both were spontaneous acts.Difference: The storming of the Versailles was to get arms and the women's march on Versailles was to demand bread.
What major reforms did the National Assembly introduce? The National Assembly issued the Declaration of the Rights if Man and of the Citizen and reformed the Church.
What did the divisions in the Legislative Assembly say about the differences in French society? The political changes did not wipe out the deep divisions of the Old Regime.
How did the Reign Of Terror come to an end? When the National Assembly eventually became frightened by Robespierre and he was guillotined. Fearing for their safety, leaders turned on Robespierre.
How did the slogan "Liberty, Equality, Fraternity" sum up the goals of the Revolution? The slogan sums up the goals of the French Revolution; the desire for freedom from old class structures, equal rights for all citizens, and unity among the French people.
What similarities and differences do you see between these political factions in the Legislative Assembly and those in the U.S. government today? Both divided by ideology, but fewer extremes exist in Congress.
What factors led to Robespierre becoming a dictator? The factors were war, economic problems; debt and high taxes, struggling political factions, and Robespierre’s strong personality.
How did Napoleon become a hero in France? He drove off the royalists who attacked the National Assembly, and he led the army to great victories.
What did Napoleon consider his greatest triumph in domestic policy? The Napoleonic Code, it was set of laws that eliminated many injustices. It was able to keep people from over throwing him.
How was Napoleon able to control the countries neighboring the French Empire? By making sure those countries had puppet governments and the threat of force.
Was Napoleon the creator or the creation of times? I think that he was the creation. He was able to seize power due to political crisis.
Was the inside or outside of the empire more important to control? The inside, chaos at home would have made military success abroad impossible.
If you had been a member of the bourgeoisie, would you have been satisfied with the results of Napoleon's actions? No, Napoleon did not grant special privileges.
How did Great Britain combat Napoleon's naval blockade? Great Britain supported smugglers who broke the blockade and established a blockade of its own – more effective than that of the French.
Why did Napoleon have trouble fighting the enemy forces in the Peninsular War? The Spanish used guerrilla tactics , ambushing the French and disappearing.
Why was Napoleon's delay of the retreat from Moscow such a great blunder? If the retreat had begun in September, the Grand Army might have exited Russia by early winter.
Why did people in other European countries resist Napoleon's efforts to build an empire? Nationalism – People wanted their own leaders from their own countries not French rulers.
Napoleon had no choice but to invade Russia. Do you agree with this statement? Why or why not? No – He could have stopped his imperialism.
Do you think that Napoleon was a great leader? No – He caused turmoil and war in Europe.

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