Chapter 23 French Revolution and Napoleon

Chapter 23 French Revolution and Napoleon

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Question Answer
Do you think that changes in the French government were inevitable? Yes, if they had a better ruler that was more prepared to take over and if that ruler cared about his people. People would not go to the extreme of killing each other over a piece of bread.
Why were the members of the Third Estate dissatisfied with their way of life under the Old Regime? They thought all men were born equal and it wasn't fair that the first and second estate had more rights and power than them and wanted to abolish the three estates and have everyone be treated equally.
Select one of the causes you listed and explain how it contributed to the French Revolution The rise in bread prices helped spark the Revolution because it weighed heavily on the poor.
How did the purpose of the meeting of the Estates-General in 1789 change? Each representative from each estate had one vote so that one person was representing their entire group and they should have gotten more votes.
How were the storming of the Bastille and the women's march on Versailles similar? How were they different? They worried that they would be terrorized. Bastille, people were massacring guards. Versailles, the people were mainly after the king and queen, however they killed anyone in their way.
Why do you think some members of the First and Second Estates joined the National Assembly and worked to reform the government? Like the third estate, these people also wanted change in the government and to abolish the estates and have everyone be treated equal.
How did Louis XVI's weak leadership contribute to the growing crisis in France? Debt was getting worse and the lack of food. People had started fighting for bread and he did nothing to help his people and didn't care about them. He spent a lot of money on expensive clothes and shoes.
How did the Reign Of Terror come to an end? When the National Assembly eventually became frightened by Robespierre and he was guillotined.
Do you think this chain of events could have been changed in any way? Yes, if certain people had not gotten involved. Robespierre, was a dictator who had many people beheaded to solve a problem
How did the slogan "Liberty, Equality, Fraternity" sum up the goals of the Revolution? To make everyone equal and the same and the slogan is three things that the revolution hoped would happen as an outcome.
What factors led to Robespierre becoming a dictator? He believed that all problems could be solved by chopping peoples heads off. He had many people guillotined including enemies of the revolution and supporters of the revolution who questioned him.
What did the divisions in the Legislative Assembly say about the differences in French society? Some people wanted new change, some people wanted things to go back to the way they were, and people in the middle.
What similarities and differences do you see between these political factions in the Legislative Assembly and those in the U.S. government today? The Legislative Assembly- different points of view conservatives and moderates. Today- government represents different points of views like republicans and democrats.
What major reforms did the National Assembly introduce? They made a new constitution in 1791 and it took away a lot of the kings power so the legislative assembly had more power. They created three groups, radical, moderate and conservative.
Napoleon had to deal with forces both inside and outside the French Empire. In your judgment, which area was more important to control. Inside the French Empire because he is the ruler and he should keep his area safe and going right instead of controlling forces outside of France.
How did Napoleon become a hero in France? The National Convention told a young Napoleon to defend the delegates. Napoleon greeted thousands of royalists with a cannonade and within minutes, attackers fled the field in panic and confusion. He was known as the hero of the hour.
How was Napoleon able to control the countries neighboring the French Empire? He fought them and in battles, crushed the opponent and forced the other countries to sign peace treaties.
What did Napoleon consider his greatest triumph in domestic policy? The Napoleonic Code.
In your opinion, was Napoleon the creator or the creation of his times. He was a creator doing things that some people had not done before and he succeeded in some of them.
Which of these events do you think had the greatest impact on Napoleon's rise to power? The Napoleonic code because it was his set of laws which are what he followed and eventually led to his rise to power, then to his defeat later on.
If you had been a member of the bourgeoisie, would you have been satisfied with the results of Napoleon's actions? No, he made three very stupid mistakes that cost him everything and he eventually was exiled away and left to die.
Why did people in other European countries resist Napoleon's efforts to build an empire? Nationalism- People wanted their own leaders from their own countries not French rulers.
How did Great Britain combat Napoleon's naval blockade Great Britain supported smugglers who broke the blockade and established a blockade of its own. More effective than that of the French.
Do you think that Napoleon was a great leader? I think he was an okay leader because he restored France stability, but also caused turmoil and war in Europe.
Napoleon had no choice but to invade Russia. Do you agree with this statement? Why or why not? No because Napoleon could have stopped his own march
Why was Napoleon's delay of the retreat from Moscow such a great blunder? If the retreat had begun in September, the Grand Army might have exited Russia by early winter.
Why did Napoleon have trouble fighting the enemy forces in the Peninsular War? The Spanish used guerrilla tactics, ambushing the French and disappearing.
Which of Napoleon's mistakes was the most serious? Why? The worst was when he tried to take over Russia, because during that period of time, he lost over 10,000 of his men and the French were defeated.
From France's point of view, do you think the Congress Of Vienna's decisions were fair? Yes, because in the end, they did many things that benefited France such as maintain a balance of power in France.
What do you think is meant by the statement that the French Revolution let the "genie out of the bottle"? What do you think is meant by the statement that the French Revolution let the "genie out of the bottle"?
Why was the congress of Vienna considered a success? They eventually set up a new European order.
What was the overall effect of Metternich's plan on France? To surround France so they couldn't take over again and to make all the countries equally strong.
Why did liberals and conservatives differ over who should have power? If the liberals had the power, they would create new things and ideas but if the conservatives had power, they would want everything to go back to the way it used to be.
What was the long-term legacy of the Congress Of Vienna? It maintained a balance of power, diminished the size and power of France, started the spread of Nationalism in Western Europe leading to more revolutions and new nations.
What were the three points of Metternich's plan for Europe? Surround France so they couldn't take over again, wanted all the countries to be equally strong and to put royal families back on the throne.

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