Child Development

Child Development

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Term Definition
Options for infertile couples AdoptionArtificial insemination In Vitro FertilizationOvum transferSurrogate mother
define artificial insemination a doctor injects sperm into a woman's uterus
define In Vitro Fertilization the dr combines a mature ovum from the mother and sperm from the father under a microscope. If it fertilizes dr places it into the mother's uterus.
define ovum transfer ovum is donated by another woman
three stages of pregnancy germinalembryonicfetal
Germinal stage is how long? 2 weeks
Embryonic stage is how long? 3-8 weeks
Fetal stage is how long? 9-40 weeks
ways to lose a child? stillbirth miscarriage
define stillbirth the birth of an infant that died in the womb (referred to after loss of baby who was 28+ weeks)
define miscarriage the expulsion of a fetus from the womb before it is able to survive independent, happens spontaneously – usually the result of accident
prenatal test you can take to detect birth defects blood, ultrasound, amniocentesis
Danger to pregnancy: Alcohol FAS
Danger to pregnancy: Tobacco linked to respiratory infections and allergies once born; addiction
Danger to pregnancy: Caffeine addiction
Danger to pregnancy: Rubella Blindness, deafness, heart disease, and mental retardation, CRS
Danger to pregnancy: Toxoplasmosis Blindness, hearing loss, and learning disabilities
Danger to pregnancy: Chicken Pox Congenital Varicella syndrome
Danger to pregnancy: STI/STD can be passed to baby
Danger to pregnancy: Syphilis fetal loss
SIDS sudden infant death syndrome
FAS fetal alcohol syndrome
define Amniocentesis a sample of amniotic fluid using a hallow needle inserted in the uterus to screen for development abnormalities in a fetus
Define placenta a flattened circular organ in the uterus of a pregnant woman that nourishes and maintains the fetus through the umbilical cord
define amniotic fluid the fluid surrounding a fetus within the amnion
define DNA The complex molecules that make up genes
define chromosome a tiny thread-like structure in the nucleus of every cell
define sperm semen from a man
define ovum a mature female reproductive cell that can divide to give rise to an embryo usually only after fertilization by a male cell
define uterus the organ in the lower body of a woman where offspring are conceived an in which they gestate before birth (the womb)
define fallpian tube a pair of tubes alone which eggs travel from the ovaries to the uterus
define ultrasound used to examine the fetus by sending sound waves into the body and receives the echoing waves.
characteristics that can be inherited eye color, hair color, skin color
who determines sex of child? male (because girls have 2 X chromosomes and males have a X and a Y chromosome) (Y is present it will be a boy if it is 2 Xs it will be a girl)
define genome The complete blueprint for the creation of a person
define infertility the inability to have a child
3 types of hazardous substances caffeine, tobacco, alcohol
define gene a unit that determines a human's inherited characteristics
when does the fetus open its eye and can it see 24 weeks, no
when do the senses develop third trimester
what dilates to allow birth to take place cervix
lungs are 1st to develop false (last)
what reflexes are present at birth sucking, grasping, and swallowing
how many days after conception does it take for the cell to divide 1
when do brain cells develop day 15
when does the heart begin to beat day 22
when is the stepping reflex observed 11 weeks (shows there's activity)

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