Cognitive developmen PSYCH MT2

Cognitive developmen PSYCH MT2

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Term Definition
Schemas organized ways of of interacting with the world, and how to experience the world.
Assimilation incorporating new ideas into already existing schemas
accomodation modifying schemas to include new ideas
Piaget's stages Sensorimotor, pre-operational, concrete operational, and formal
Object permanence the understanding that objects exist even when out of sight
egocentric when someone doesn't have the ability to see situations from other point of view.
centration can only focus on one thing at a time eg, playdough
decentration can distinguish between appearance and reality eg. halloween masks
conservation the ability to realize that object quantities are the same in different volumes
animistic thinking thinking inanimate objects have mental of life processes.
reversibility idea that things can be changed and then changed back again
hierarchical classification ability to sort things into general and specific groups using types of comparisions. eg. playing cards
seriation ability to sort object/situations according to magnitude or quantity. eg. smallest to largest
zone of proximal development phase of learning, when children benefit from instruction
imaginary audience feeling like you are always on display or being whatched
personal fable adolescence behavior that they are unique and their life difficulties will not affect them. risky behaviour
dementia long-lasting mental impairmentmemory loss and reversible-multiple infarct, irreversible-alzheimers
alzheimers disease neurogenerative disease, progress brain cell loss. memory loss, poor judgement, language difficulty, NO CURE, eventual full time care, high risk for elderly abuse
Beta-amyloid plaques accumulate between neurons, and disrupt cognitive function
neurofibrillary tangles causes AD. twisted tau protein build up in cell body of neurons
Lev Vygotsky zone of proximal developmentscaffoldingsoviet psychologist
Jean Piaget studies his three childrenSwiss psychologist focused on HOW people thought

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