Crash course 1-5

Crash course 1-5

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Question Answer
Describe the lifestyle of the Native Americans before the Europeans "primitive". They had no metalwork, gunpowder, wheels, written language, and domesticated animals.
Define Eurocentric To view something in the eyes of the Europeans
Define contemporary-centric We view the past with today's standards
How many people lived in North America before the Europeans arrived No one knows exactly how many there were before the Europeans arrived
What does decimate mean? To wipe out. Deci=10
What decimated the Natives? Diseases brought by the Spanish
How many Natives were decimated? 8/10
When did the Zuni and Hopi "civilizations" peak? About 12 B.C.
Were the Zuni and Hopis actual civilisations? No W SCCATTOR DOG
What probably caused the decline of the Zuni and Hopi? Environmental degradation like polution
What is meant by Pre-Columbian? Receding or belonging to the time before the arrival of Columbus in America
How were Natives organized in the pre columbian period? They were mostly organized by tribes.
What dominated Native culture in the pre columbian period? Their lives were dominated by available resources.
What dominated West Coast Indian culture ? Fishing, gathering, and hunting sea mammals.
What dominated Plains Indian culture ? Buffalo hunting
What is a league (as in Iroquois league)? A group of United Indian tribes. Confederacy, organization of several tribes, states, countries, etc
What was the Iroquois Confederacy? Attempting to keep the peace.
What tribes made up the Iroquois Confederacy? Cayuga, Oneida, Seneca, Mohawk, Onodega
Describe Native American religion Most Indian groups believed in a single creator god. They weren't monotheistic. Their spirit worlds were very vibrant.
Define monotheism. Define polytheism. Monotheism-The belief in one godPolytheism- The belief of more than one god
Why weren't the pre columbians monotheistic? They weren't monotheistic because they believed in many gods
How did Natives view land ownership? They were assigned land by the tribe leader.
Who was Black Hawk? A leader of the Sauk tribe
Describe the role of women in Native culture. They were often religious leaders. They owned dwellings and tools. Women engaging in pre-marital skoodilypooping
What was the first group to explore what would become Canada? Vikings
Juan Ponce de Leon He arrived in what is now Florida. Back in 1513. On Easter Sunday. As soon as he arrived there was a mass.
What was Juan Ponce de Leon looking for? The fountain of youth and gold
How did Juan Ponce de Leon die? He got shot with a poison tipped arrow
What does Florida mean? Place of flowers
Why did Juan Ponce de Leon name it Florida? Unspoiled wilderness
Alivar Nunez de Vaca explored what? America Southwest
Alivar Nunez de Vaca was looking for what? gold
What does his last name mean? cow head
Why did the Spanish want to colonize Florida? To set up military bases
What occurred between the Guale Indians and Spanish missionaries? There was an uprising
What was the big problem with colonization of Florida? It was hot and mosquitoy
Where and when was the first Spanish colony? St. Augustine, Florida; c.1565
Where was the first Spanish colony in the southwest? Santa Fe, New Mexico
Where was the first large-scale uprising by Native Americans against the Europeans? New Mexico
Who rebelled? The Native people. The Pueblos
What were the causes of rebellion? They noticed that their numbers were decreasing, 60,000 to 17,000. Friars wanted to wipe out Native religion. Missionaries were focused on the children.
Who established the Franciscan Order of Friars? Saint Francis
What is meant by cultural blending? The mixture of two different cultures in the making of the new culture.
Who was the Pueblas leader? Pope
How was the Spanish colony at Santa Fe destroyed? There was an uprising. Indians cut off the water supply to deprive the Spanish of their water.
What are kivas? Places of worship for Native Americans
What is an encomienda? A type of forced labour
What is a primary source? A primary source is information from the direct source. The person must be there.
Who was Bartolome de las Casas? He was a Spaniard. He was sympathetic to the Indians. Catholic priest. Author.
How did Bartolome de las Casas describe the Spanish treatment of Native Americans? It was harsh and fierce. Deprived of all their freedom. "Slaves forever". Starved. They considered them to be perpetual slaves.
What is meant by Black Legend? Was it true? It's the tale of the Spanish unleashing their cruelty upon the Indians. Yes, it's true.
How did the English use the Black Legend? They used it to justify their own settlements. They were just as bad as the Indians.

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