Earth Science Meteorolgy

Earth Science Meteorolgy

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Question Answer
People who study weather are called ______. meteorologists
The mixture of gases that surrounds the Earth is called the ______. atmosphere
High-pressure belts of air that flow very rapidly from west to east at altitudes above 12 km are called _____. jet streams
The amount of moisture that the air holds compared to the amount it can hold at that temperature is expressed as a percent called ______. relative humidity
The sprinkling of substances into clouds to produce precipitation is called ______. cloud seeding
The ozone layer protects the Earth by absorbing ultraviolet rays
The Greenhouse Effect is due largely to carbon dioxide
A barometer is used to measure air pressure
In the northern hemisphere, the coriolis effect causes winds to curve to the right
Winds in the far north that appear to travel from east to west are called polar easterlies
Van Allen belts are made up of ______. protons and electrons
The Aurora Borealis occurs because of charged particles trapped in the ______. ionosphere
The solar wind is made up of ________. ions
The area around the earth that extends beyond the atmosphere is _______. magnetosphere
The protective layer of the atmosphere that absorbs most of the harmful ultra-violet radiation from the sun is made of ozone
Artificial satellites orbit the Earth in the ______. exosphere
The layer in which radio waves are bounced back to the earth is the ionosphere
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