Earth Science Oceanography

Earth Science Oceanography

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Many of the basic tools of modern oceanography were developed to meet military needs during WWII
The average mass of dissolved salts in 1000 grams of sea water is 35 grams
These factors would cause salinity to increase evaporation and freezing of sea water
One cause of water mixing in the mixed layer strong winds
diatoms are the most abundant kind of phytoplankton
The deep waters of the ocean are ________. poor in oxygen and rich in carbon dioxide
Today ships use a devise called a precision depth recorder to find distance to seafloor
The shelf-edge is the boundary between the continental shelf and the continental slope
Hudson, Monterey and Hatteras are examples of submarine canyons
The source of most of the material found on the surface of the abyssal plain is continental rivers
Sinking volcanic islands and developing coral reefs are related to the formation of atolls
The Challenger Deep is the deepest location in the ocean. It is located in the Marianas
The mid-Atlantic Ridge is broken into offset pieces at fracture zones
The Sargasso Sea is an area of relatively calm seas in the N. Atlantic
The current that would help increase the speed of a ship traveling from the U.S. to the British Isles. Gulf Stream
A countercurrent Cromwell
Freezing increases the density of sea water because salt is left behind when water freezes
The cause of turbidity current density is mixing with sediment
The density currents that originate in the polar regions are primarily caused by cooling and freezing

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