English 10 English 10 Midterm

English 10 English 10 Midterm

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The feudal system was an economic system with the king at the top and peasants at the bottom
The two pillars of the Medieval world were: Feudalism and The Church
Define Pun: a joke exploiting the different possible meanings of a word or the fact that there are words that sound alike but have different meanings.
On an allegorical level, what might the three animals that try to force Dante back into the Dark Wood represent? Lion= violence, Leopard= fraud, she-Wolf= Lust
In the Inferno, everything is allegorical, meaning: it represents something other than what it is, and also is itself in the story
Tristan and Isolde's story "Chevrefoil" compares the lovers to a hazel tree and a honeysuckle vine, when parted they die. It is an example of —? extended metaphor
Who is Dante’s guide through hell? Virgil
Which story was about courtly love? Chevrefoil
According to Dante, what sinners are punished in the 9th circle of Hell with Satan? Betrayers
What things does Perceval see in the Grail procession? A grail, a bleeding spear, a candelabra
What is Roland’s character flaw? He is too proud
In the courtly love triangle, there were three participants: knight, lady, lord (married to lady)
What is the literal and figurative goal of Perceval's quest? the grail, self knowledge
Lancelot and Guinevere are an example of: Courtly romance
Define oxymoron: a figure of speech in which apparently contradictory terms appear in conjunction (e.g., faith unfaithful kept him falsely true ).
Define metaphor: a figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable.
Who was King Arthur? A post-roman war chieftain who united the Britons
Define Allegory: a story, poem, or picture that can be interpreted to reveal a hidden meaning, typically a moral or political one.
Which story was about a legendary British King? Legend of King Arthur
Which story was about a christian knight whose personality flaw led his men to massacre? The Song of Roland
In Romeo and Juliet, one of the motifs is the power of love, another is the power of hate. Which of these forces is more responsible for driving the plot forward? Give examples. love or hate could equally propel the story forwards as Romeo and Juliet are driven by love for each other to desperate ends such as eloping, faking her death, and committing mutual suicide. Your opinion
Dante ranks human sins by his placement of different sinners in Hell. How does their punishment fit their crimes? Explain, give examples from the text. Sins and sinners are allegorically punished in according to the magnitude of sin. Their punishments are symbolic of what it felt like to be the victim of their misdeed, or represent the act for which they are damned.
As an epic hero, Roland represents the values of his society. What elements of the code of chivalry did he represent? Roland was a christian knight, he prayed, offered his glove to God, and tried to protect holy relics. He also did not back down against the pagans, one version mentioned killing infidels. He was brave, and courageous.
One view of Perceval is that the story represents a conflict between the ideals of Arthurian chivalry and the religious ideals inspired by the quest for the Grail. Do you think the two sets of ideals are comparable? This is an opinion question, must mention that if lovers slept together it was a sin, but if they did not get physical, it was considered appropriate for the time.
Why do authors use extended metaphors? Give an example of an extended metaphor we read about and explain each part's symbolic significance. Authors use them to give more meaning to themes and story elements. Chevrefoil was an extended metaphor about Tristan and Isolde being like the honeysuckle and hazel tree, when parted they die.

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