Executive branch

Executive branch

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Term Definition
administration the process or activity of running a business, organization
ambassador an accredited diplomat sent by a country as its official representative to a foreign country.
biennial an event celebrated or taking place every two years.
budget an estimate of income and expenditure for a set period of time.
bureaucracy a system of government in which most of the important decisions are made by state officials rather than by elected representatives.
cabinet cabinet of ministers who are individually and collectively responsible to the legislature.
checks and balances counterbalancing influences by which an organization or system is regulated, typically those ensuring that political power is not concentrated in the hands of individuals or groups.
commissions an instruction, command, or duty given to a person or group of people.
commute reduce (a judicial sentence, especially a sentence of death) to one less severe.
diplomacy The relations and communications carried out between countries.
electoral college (in the US) a body of people representing the states of the US, who formally cast votes for the election of the president and vice president.
electors people who promise to cast votes for the candidate selected by voters
embassy the official residence or offices of an ambassador.
executive agencies under the direct control of the president, who can choose or remove their directors.
executive departments The branch of federal and state government that is broadly responsible for implementing, supporting, and enforcing the laws made by the legislative branch and interpreted by the judicial branch.
federalism the division of powers between the states and the federal, or national, government.
government the governing body of a nation, state, or community.
impeach when a majority of the members of the house accuse the president or other high government officials
order of succession an order in which someone may become or act as president, such as the vice president.
pardon To use the executive powers of a Governor or president to forgive a person who did a crime.
regulatory commision Congress has formed 12. Each one makes and carries out rules for a certain business or economic activity.
reprieve cancel or postpone the punishment of (someone, especially someone condemned to death).
state of the union a yearly address delivered each January by the president of the US to Congress, giving the administration's view of the state of the nation and plans for legislation.
separation of powers an act of vesting the legislative, executive, and judicial powers of government in separate bodies.
veto a constitutional right to reject a decision or proposal made by a law-making body.

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