Integumentary System

Integumentary System

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Question Answer
aden/o gland
adip/o fat
albin/o white
aut/o self
bi/o life
blephar/o dydlid
carcin/o cancer
caus/o burns
cauter/o heat/burn
cis/o to cut
cry/o cold
cutan/o skin
cyan/o blue
cyt/o cell
derm/o, dermat/o, skin
diaphor/o profuse sweating
ecchym/o blood in the tissues
erythema/o, erythemat/o redness
erythr/o red
hidr/o sweat
hist/o tissue
ichthy/o dry, scaly
immun/o immune; protection
integument/o covering
jaund/o yellow
kerat/o hard, horn shaped tissue
lip/o fat
melan/o black
myc/o fungus
necr/o death
onych/o nail
papill/o nipple-like
pil/o hair, hair follicle
prurit/o itching
psor/o itching
py/o pus
squam/o scale
xer/o dry
These glands secrete sebum sebaceous glands
These are tiny coiled glands located in the dermis sweat glands
Hard translucent part of the nail nail plate
narrow band of epidermal tissue attached to the surface of the nail cuticle
area of the dermis on which the nail rests nail root
Skin burn characterized by superficial epidermal erythema first-degree burn
Skin burn characterized by epidermal and dermal lesions, erythema and blistering 2nd degree burn
Skin burn characterized in which the epidermis and dermis are destroyed resulting in severe anesthesia 3rd degree burn
cicatrix scar left by a healed wound
appearance of being blue or purple due to insufficient blood supply cyanosis
black and blue caused by ruptured blood vessels ecchymosis
Acute or chronic inflammatory skin – itchiness, erythema and edema eczema
Necrotic tissue due to loss of blood supply gangrene
abnormally raised scar keloid
Slow growing, malignant tumor of the bottom layer of the epidermis basal cell carcinoma
Malignant cancer often seen in AIDS patients Karposi's syndrome
Cancerous growth, begins as an irregular shaped macule malignant melanoma
Malignant tumor of epithelial cells of the epidermis. May grow in other organs Squamous cell carcinoma
This forms the outer layer of the skin epidermis
This layer of the skin contains connective tissue, blood and lymphatic vessels dermis
the connective tissue of the dermis is composed of? collagen
This is the deepest layer of the skin hypodermis or subcutaneous
Bacterial infection of the skin characterized by small blood filled sacs, pus filled lesions and crusted over lesions impetigo
removal of a small piece of living tissue for microscopic examination biopsy
surgical removal of an entire lesion or tumor excisional biopsy
incision into the tissue for removal of small piece of living tissue incisional biopsy
loss of pigment in one or more areas of the skin vitiligo
A skin infection caused by a fungus tinea
inflammatory disorder of the sebaceous glands that produces pimples on the skin acne
an inherited condition that prevents the normal production of melanin, resulting in pale skin and white hair albinism
hair loss resulting from genetics, normal aging, illness or drugs used to treat certain conditions alopecia
a scar left by a healed wound cicatrix
a closed, thick walled sac or pouch containing fluid or semisolid material that develops in a cavity or other structure of the body cyst
a groove or crack, as in a sore fissure
a small, flat, discolored (brownish or red) lesion on the skin FRECKLE macule
highly pigmented lesion of the skin that is flat or raised MOLE nevus
a solid skin elevation larger than one centimeter in diameter; may develop in epidermis, dermis or subcutaneous nodule
a solid skin elevation with distinct borders and a diameter of less than 1 cmPIMPLE papule
a small, mushroom-like growth typically benign, that extends from the surface of a mucous membrane polyp
a small, infected skin elevation that contains pus; ABSCESS pustule
an open sore or an erosion of the skin or lining of a mucous membrane ulcer
a small, raised skin lesion filled with clear fluid BLISTER vesicle
a smooth, slightly swollen area that is redder or paler than the surrounding skin; characteristic of hives wheal
round, pinpoint spots on the skin caused by intradermal hemorrhage petechia
a chronic disease marked by itchy, erythematous skin with silvery patches psoriasis
a purple or brownish-red rash in which blood leaks from vessels into the skin or mucous membranes purpura
a contagious, parasitic infection of the skin with intense pruritus scabies
a chronic, progressive disease of the skin marked by hardening and shrinking of connective tissue, which causes edema or pain in the muscles or joints scleroderma
a chronic, inflammatory disease of collagen in the skin, joints and internal organs SLE – Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
a skin infection caused by fungus tinea
hives and localized swelling and itching urticaria
veins that have a twisting appearance due to a loss of elasticity varicose veins
loss of pigment in one or more areas of the skin, creating the appearance of milky-white patches vitiligo
a small, hard, benign skin growth caused by a virus wart

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