Photo…+ Resport…

Photo…+ Resport…

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Term Definition
Photosynthesis A process by which plants convert sunlight,water, and carbon dioxide into food energy (sugar), oxygen and water.
Cellular Respiration The process by which the chemical energy of "food" molecules is released and changed into ATP.
Chloroplats An elongated cell organelle containing chlorophyll where photosynthesis takes place.
Chlorophyll A green molecule which uses light energy from sunlight to change water and carbon dioxide gas into sugar and oxygen.
Glucose sugar (plant food)
Mitochondria Rod-shaped organelles with a double membrane which converts the energy stored in glucose into ATP for the cell.
PhotosynthesisEquation H2O + CO2 + light -> O2 + C6H12Owater+carbon+sun->oxygen+glucose dioxide (sugar)
Respiration Equation O2 + C2H12O6 + -> H2O + CO2 + ATPoxygen+glucose ->water+ carbon+energy (sugar) (dioxide)
Carbon dioxide a gas absorbed by plants in photosynthesis
Diffusion The movement of molecules from an area in which they are highly concentrated to an area in which they are less concentrated.
Osmosis The diffusion of water across a selectively permeable membrane.
Active Transport he movement of ions or molecules across a cell membrane into a region of higher concentration, assisted by enzymes and requiring energy.

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