Review Guide African Kingdoms Review: Aztec, Maya, Incas

Review Guide African Kingdoms Review: Aztec, Maya, Incas

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Question Answer
What was the time period of Maya? Aztec? Inca? African Kingdoms? Golden age was 300-900, but whole time period 200-1200; Aztec was 1200s-1521; Inca 1400s-1532; AK 1300s-1591 (1600s)
This person traveled most of the Islamic world and was a scholar. Ibn Battuta
What religion did Elon Battutu follow? Who was he the successor to? When he got back he wrote a book called what? Devout muslim; Mansa Musa; The Travels
What was mali king, mans muse's claim to fame? gave out gold freely while on pilgrimage to Hajj
Strong military leader of song hai? kingdom Suni Ali
Sunil Ali captured what city? Timbutstu
Arab nomads who organized into tribes Bedouins
the 1st great king of Mali and great leader of peace Sudata *remember he comes before mana musa)
Sudiata was a great ______ leader. Who did he defeat? Military leader; Ghana
Nomads in Africa that converted to Islam? Berbers
Who was Ituitzilupochtli? sun god of Aztecs whom they made sacrifices for his nourishment and happiness
What was salt gold trade? where? How did price of gold stay so high? Who was involved? it was a w. african trade route; in west who had gold & north (sahara) had salt; bc manss musa held it for himself to maintain its value
Where did berbers live? Maghrib
What empire took over after fall of mali empire? (Gained control over all trade routes; ) Sunghai (around 1400s)
What is swahili? What 2 languages did it come from? a language; arabic & bantu
What is animism & what happened to religion throughout height of African kingdom? spiritual religion practiced in Africa; it was mixed with Islam & Christianity
What is the importance of Timbuktu? very important city that was a trade hub known for education bc had university which was a scholar center
Mayan writing system? Glyphs
Game played by Aztecs where they threw rubber ball through hoop & loosing team sometimes sacrificed pok-o-tok
Most valuable trade item of Aztecs that had green or black volcanic glass found in valley of mexico and used to make razor sharp weapons obsidian
What was the Aztec use of Obsidian? obsidian knives used in sacrifice (to cut out heart of ppl being sacrificed)
Civilization (s) in Central America & S. America to perform human sacrifice? Aztec, Inca, Maya
What were the 2 biggest trade items in W. Africa? Gold and Salt
What is responsible for kingdom of Ghana expanding their control? Mining techniques
Regions of N Africa experienced large shift in religious practices from what religion to what religion? Christianity to Islam

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