SC146 U1 A&P Intro Terminology

SC146 U1 A&P Intro Terminology

Print FlashCard
Term Definition
anatomy the scientific study of the body's structures
gross anatomy the study of the larger structures of the body that are visible without magnification
microscopic anatomy the study of body structures that can be only be observed with use of magnification devices such as a microscope
regional anatomy study of interrelationships of all the structures in a specific body region (i.e. abdomen)
systemic anatomy study of the structures that make up a body system (i.e. digestive system)
physiology scientific study of the chemistry and physics of the structures of the body and the ways in which they work together to support the functions of life
homeostasis the steady state of internal conditions maintained by living things
atom the smallest unit of a pure substance/element
subatomic particles include protons, electrons, and neutrons and make up atoms
cell smallest independently functioning unit of a living organism
organelle small, functioning units within a cell
tissue a group of cells that work together to perform a specific function
organ an anatomically distinct structure of the body composed of two or more types of tissue
organ system group of organs that work together to perform major functions/meet physiological needs of the body
organism a living being that has a cellular structure and can independently perform all physiologic functions necessary for life
molecule chemical combination of atoms
anabolism process by which smaller, simpler molecules are combined into larger, more complex substances
catabolism process by which larger, more complex substances are broken down into smaller, simpler molecules
metabolism the sum of all anabolic and catabolic reactions within the body
adenosine triphosphate (ATP) chemical compound in body cells that stores and releases energy
responsiveness the ability of an organism to adjust to changes in its internal and external environments
development all the changes the body goes through throughout life
differentiation process in which unspecified cells become specialized in structure and function to perform certain tasks in the body
growth the increase in body size
reproduction formation of a new organism from parent organisms
nutrient substance in foods and beverages that is essential to human survival
pressure force exerted by a substance that is in contact with another substance

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *