Section 3

Section 3

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Term Definition
Photosynthesis the process by which green plants and some other organisms use sunlight to synthesize foods from carbon dioxide and water. Photosynthesis in plants generally involves the green pigment chlorophyll and generates oxygen as a byproduct.
Cellular respiration a set of metabolic reactions and processes that take place in the cells of organisms to convert biochemical energy from nutrients into adenosine triphosphate (ATP), and then release waste products.
Chloroplast absorb sunlight and use it in conjunction with water and carbon dioxide gas to produce food for the plant.
Chlorophyll any of several closely related green pigments found in cyanobacteria and the chloroplasts of algae and plants.
Glucose a simple sugar with the molecular formula C?H??O?
Mitochondria rod-shaped organelles that can be considered the power generators of the cell, converting oxygen and nutrients into adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
Photosynthesis equation carbon dioxide + water —> glucose + oxygen + water. A balanced chemical equation for the process can be written as 6CO2 + 6H2O —> C6H12O6 + 6O2.
Respiration equation
Carbon Dioxide
Diffusion
Osmosis
Active transport

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