Test 4

Test 4

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Samuel Adams Founded the Sons of Liberty
Patrick Henry a??Give me liberty or give me deatha??
King George III King during the American Revolution
Thomas Paine Wrote a??Common Sensea?? and a??The Crisisa??
Ben Franklin Drafted the Declaration of Independence and Treaty of Paris
George Washington Commander or the Continental Army
Marquis De Lafayette French European who volunteered to work under GW
John Paul Jones Only important American naval war hero
George Rodgers Clark Raided British forts on the frontier
Proclamation of 1763 Issued by King George and said colonists could not pass the Appalachian Mountains
Stamp Act Direct tax and required on wills, newspapers, and playing cards
Quartering act Required colonists to house British soldiers
Townshend Acts Indirect tax that taxed imported goods
Boston Massacre Fight between British soldiers and colonist, 5 colonists were killed
Tea Act East India Company lowered their prices below the prices of colonial merchants but colonists still boycotted it
Boston Tea Party Act of civil disobedience where colonists dumped 342 chests of tea into the harbor
Intolerable Acts Closed the port of Boston until the tea was paid, deprived Massachusetts of their self government, issued a stronger quartering act
Unalienable rights: Life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness
Whata??s the importance of the Declaration of Independence? Declared independence from Britain
Lexington and Concord Known as the a??Shot heard around the worlda?? and start of the AR
Battle of Bunker Hill a??Dona??t fire until you see the whites of their eyesa??
Fort Trenton and Princeton GW and his troops crossed the Delaware River on Christmas night and captured Trenton then captured Princeton 2 weeks later
Battle of Saratoga Turning point of the war bc the Americans received aid from the French
Valley Forge Baron Von Steuben taught the troops to use bayonets, experimental smallpox vaccines worked, 2,500+ men died of hunger, cold, and disease
Battle of Yorktown Cornwallis surrendered to GW and was the end of the Revolution
American Advantages: Home field advantage, large territory for Britain to control, motivation to fight
British Advantages: More troops, money and supplies, strong navy and well trained army, 1/3 of the colonists were loyalists

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