Unit 4 Constitution Auriemma Constitution

Unit 4 Constitution Auriemma Constitution

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bicameral a legislature consisting of two parts or houses
confederation a group of individuals or state governments – individual states that meet for a common purpose
executive branch the branch of government that carries out the laws (President, VP and President's Cabinet) Article II in the Constitution
anti-federalist those who opposed ratification of the Constitution
federalist supporters of the constitution
constitution a detailed, written plan for government
amendment any change in the constitution
expressed powers powers that congress has that are specifically listed in the Consitiution
legislative branch the branch of government that makes the laws, they can declare law and coin money (Congress) Article I in the Constitution
judicial branch the branch of government that interprets the laws, Supreme Court, Article III
preamble the opening section of the Constitution that states the 6 goals of American government
rule of law principle that the law applies to everyone, no one is above the law
separation of powers The split of authority among the legislative, executive and judicial branches
checks and balances a system in which each branch of govermnet is able to check, or restrain, the power of the other branches
legislature a group of people that make the laws, before the 17th Amendment legislators chose the Senators for Congress
ratify to vote approval of
popular sovereignty the notion that power lies with the people
reserved powers powers that the Constitiution does not give to the national government that are kept for the state
concurrent powers powers shared by the state and federal government
Who was the father of the Constitution? James Madison
What is a written plan for government called? constitution
Which philosopher did the colonist model their constitutions after? Baron de Montesquieu – Separation of powers
When was the Articles of Confederation written? 1777
What is a Confederation? A loose association of states
Under the Articles of Confederation what did congress have the power to do? Control the army, deal with foreign countries, allow new states into the union and each state got one vote
What were the problems with the Articles of Confederation? A law could not be passed unless 9 out of 13 states agreed, to amend the AOC all 13 states must agree, could not collect taxes, could not regulate trade, could not enforce laws, no single leader and no national court system
Why did Daniel Shay rebel? After the Revolutionary war he woed taxes that he could not pay so the courts wanted to take his farm away from him.
When was the Constitution signed? September 17, 1787
What was the Virginia Plan? There would be a president, court and congress, 2 houses based on population.
What was the New Jersey Plan? unicameral with one vote from each state, Congress could set taxes and regulate trade.
What was the Great Compromise? Bicameral legilation, one house would have two representatives the other would be based on population
What was the Three-fifth's Compromise? Because there were 550,000 slaves in the south how would we count population? For every five slaves they would count as 3 people for population and tax purposes.
Who were the federalist? People that supported the constitution?
Who were the people who opposed the constitution? Anti-Federalist
What compromise did the delegates make so the Anti-federalist would support the constitution? They added a bill of rights.
What are the three parts of the Constitution? Preamble, Articles and Amendments
What are the six goals of the constituiton? To create a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare and secure the blessings of liberty for ourselves and our posterity
What document was in place that led to Daniel Shays rebellion? The Articles of Confederation- Congress lacked the power to tax and could not pay the soldiers, the soldier then lost their homes and farms because the soldiers could not pay for their homes.
Which part of the Preamble would address a governor or President sending in the National Guard to protect people during integration? ensure domestic tranquility
Which part of the Preamble would address ObamaCare? Government promotes the general welfare
Which part of the Preamble would address the military? Providing for the common defense.
Which part of the preamble addresses our court system? establishing justice
In Parliament, how is he Prime Minister elected? The people elect the legislators and the legislators elect the Prime Minister.
How is a Prime Ministers election different than a Presidential election? Legislators pick the Prime Minister while the people elect the President.
Can a state law contradict the US Constitution? No, the Constitution is the Supreme Law of the land (Supremacy Clause)
Who can amend the constitution? 2/3s Congress or the Legislative Branch and 3/4s of the state legislators
Is the process to amend the Constitution easy? No, we only have 27 amendments while thousands have been proposed
Where did we get the idea to add Separation of Powers into the Constitutuion? Baron de Montesquieu
What are the Articles of Confederation? America's first plan for government
How many states had to agree in order to pass a law under the Articles of Confederation? 9 out of 13
How many states had to agree in order to amend the Articles of Confederation? 13 out of 13
What were the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation? Congress lacked power and MoneyRules were too rigidNo Central Leader
What does LEJRASR stand for? Article I Legislative BranchArticle II Executive BranchArticle III Judicial BranchArticle IV Relationships of StatesArticle V AmendmentsArticle VI Supremacy of the ConstitutionArticle VII Ratification of the Constitution
Why do we have checks and balances? So that no branch gets too strong
How many amendments are in the Constitution? 27
How many amendments are in the Bill of Rights 10
What is the Supremacy Clause? Article VI of the US Constitution states that the Constitution is the Supreme law of the land.
The Major Principles in the US Constitution? Rule of Law, Popular Sovereignty, Checks and Balances, Separation of Power, FEDERALISM
What does the phrase "We the People" mean? The people have the power, the government exists to serve the people.
What does the term Concurrent Mean? The federal government and state government share the power.

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