Unit 5 Test Religion + The Middle East

Unit 5 Test Religion + The Middle East

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Term Definition
Monotheistic Belief in one god
Polytheistic Belief in many
Founder of Judaism Abrham
Founder of Christianity Jesus
Founder of Islam Mohammad
Holy book of Judasism Torah
Holy book of Christianity Bible
Holy book of Islam Qua'ran
Holiday of Judaism Yom Kippur, Rosh Hannah, Hannakah
Holiday of Christianity Easter, Christmas,
Holiday of Islam Ramadan
Country and cities of importance to Jews Jerusalem, Israel
Country and cities of importance to Christians Jerusalem, Israel
Country and cities of importance to Muslims Jerusalem, Israel and Mecca and Medina, Saudia Arabia
Religious Symbol- Judaism Star of David
Religious Symbol- Christianity Cross
Religious Symbol- Islam Crescent Moon
People who believe in Judaism are called? Jews
People who believe in Christianity are called? Christians
People who believe in Islam are called? Muslims
Five Pillars of Islam Declaration of Faith (Shahada)Establishment of the daily prayers (Salat)Concern for and almsgiving to the needy (Zakat)Fasting during Ramadan (Sawm)The pilgrimage to Makkah for those who are able (Hajj)
Pilgrimidge Religious Journey
Zionism Movement Encouraging Jews to return/move to Israel
Palestine Area in Israel in which Jews and Palestinians are fighting over control
PLO Palestinian Liberation Organization (led by Yassir Arifat and fights for Palestinian rights
Oldest Religion of the three Judaism
OPEC Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
Mosque Where Muslims pray
Synagouge Where Jews pray
Church, chapel, cathedral Where Christians pray
Aswan High Dam Built to control flooding of Nile and bring electricity to Egypt
Africa's largest physical feature Sahara Desert
Persian Gulf Where most of the world's oil is found around

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