Vocab 3 3rd vocab list

Vocab 3 3rd vocab list

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Term Definition
Photosynthesis A process by which plantsconvert sunlight, water, and carbon dioxideinto food energy (sugar), oxygen and water.
Cellular Respiration The process by whichthe chemical energy of "food" molecules isreleased and changed into ATP.
Chloroplast An elongated cell organellecontaining chlorophyll where photosynthesistakes place
Chlorophyll A green molecule which useslight energy from sunlight to change water andcarbon dioxide gas into sugar and oxygen
Glucose Glucose is a simple sugar with the molecular formula C?H??O?.
Mitochondria Rod-shaped organelles with adouble membrane which converts the energystored in glucose into ATP for the cell.
Photosynthesis equation H2O + CO2 + light > O2 +C6H12O6Water+ Carbon Dioxide + sun >Oxygen + glucoseDioxide
Respiration equation the opposite of photosynthesis equation. O2 + C6H12O6 > H20 + CO2 +ATPOxygen + glucose> water + carbon dioxide + energy
Carbon dioxide What animals breath out that plants take in
Diffusion The movement of molecules from anarea in which they are highlyconcentrated to an area in whichthey are less concentrated.
Osmosis The diffusion of water across aselectively permeable membrane.
Active Transport The diffusion of water across aselectively permeable membrane.

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